Allama Muhammad Iqbal


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ALLAMMA MUHAMMAD IQBAL Allama Mohammad Iqbal, is a world renowned poet-philosopher and a visionary leader who worked for the uplift of not just the muslim ummah, but the whole humanity. His revolutionary poetry and philosophical works helped awaken the muslims of sub-continent from their deep slumber and inertia; and became the cornerstone of their independence from the British rule. Allama Iqbal is one of the few such legendary figures in history, who is equally admired and acknowledged in the East and the West.

Iqbal’s works encompass all the dimensions of humankind; intellectual, social, emotional, physical and spiritual; in a holistic manner.


As an educationist par excellence, Iqbal’s philosophy, in terms of ontological, epistemological, and axiological content areas, which ultimately influenced his educational thought needs to be highlighted and revived. To Iqbal, any society that fails to recognize the fundamental unity of human brotherhood is bound to disintegrate.

Iqbal maintains that it is our collective responsibility to reconstruct a new social order through a meaningful system of education; designed to serve a distinctive purpose; the evolution of self, ‘khudi’. It means to build up the integrated personality of man, otherwise society cannot harmonize. In the world of today, this is known as ‘human resource development’. He criticizes how the world systems of education are pushing forward without any definitive aims and purpose. Iqbal’s ideal educational atmosphere creates a society which is to be founded in secure ground; its basis must be spiritual and too deep-rooted to be affected by any adverse influences.

According to Iqbal, there are three different levels of faith: Islam , Imaan & Ihsaan. Similarly, there are different levels of development of the self, ‘khudi’, according to these levels. So, in essence, each ‘self’ is an individual with personalized specific needs and must be dealt with separately. The education must be provided in accordance with the level of socio-economic requirements, aptitude and intellect of the individual self, in order to polish its inherent faculties.

Iqbal negates the ‘factory model’ of education developed after the industrial revolution that demands everything to be ‘standardized’, and, as opposed to that, proposes a ‘need-based system of education’.

Books by Allama Iqbal

Poetic books in Persian

Poetic books in Bosnian

Poetic books in Arabic

Poetic books in Urdu

Prose book in Urdu

Prose books in English